Digital technologies – such as artificial intelligence, 3D printing, cognitive computing, big data, automation, the Internet of Things, advanced robotics and blockchain – are affecting many occupations, both jobs and tasks. The types of skills being demanded by employers are also changing, causing disruption in the task and skill profiles of traditional occupations, such as those in the manufacturing sector. The gig economy also emerged, with people working flexible hours, often producing deliverables with the help of technology.
People say “seeing is believing”, but that’s wrong. The truth is, “I will see it when I believe it”.
As an academic psychologist I have spent years, and run dozens of experiments, looking at unconscious or implicit bias and its consequences. I consider factors such as looks, ethnicity, age and gender, to see if they influence world-of-work decisions such as hiring, promotion, salary.
If a workplace is safe and healthy, everyone can get on with their work effectively and efficiently. However, if workplaces are disorganized and full of hazards, it can lead to process breakdowns, injuries and high rates of absence through sickness. This in turn can result in loss of earning and reduced productivity. Employee-manager relations, working conditions, production processes and the way that workplaces are managed also have a bearing on productivity and the success of enterprises.