Afsar Syed Mohammad, Senior Technical Specialist and Margherita Licata, Technical Specialist Gender, Equality and Diversity and ILOAIDS Branch
When migrant workers leave their home, many encounter abuse and violence on their journey and discrimination once they arrive. This can be because of their status as migrants but also because of their ethnicity, sex, religion, and HIV status.
They often struggle to find decent work, which means they can end up in poor living and working conditions, which in turn affects their health. Female migrants are more likely to be vulnerable to exploitation and violence, which exposes them to the risk of HIV and other health issues.
Stephan Ulrich, Regional Programme Manager for Asia, SCORE Programme
In most countries, the majority of workers work in a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME). Unfortunately, once employed, the staff of these SMEs rarely receive formal training. As a result, a large proportion of the population are not regularly refreshing their skills in order to remain productive and employable as they age.
With this in mind, many governments have set up programmes to incentivize SMEs to invest in training, including more than 100 countries that run national training levy schemes. Despite the investment, there is little evidence as to whether these schemes are spurring more training. Anecdotal evidence suggests that some training schemes have succeeded in delivering demand-driven services in a business-friendly way, while others have developed a poor reputation for being bureaucratic and inefficient.
Gao Yun, Representative of the ETI Office for South East Asia and Michael Elkin, Chief Technical Advisor of the ILO SCORE Programme
Improving SMEs workplace practices can help them achieve better productivity. The ILO’s SCORE Training programme is helping companies in China improve work conditions, and participants say it is working.
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) make up 60 per cent of China’s national industrial output and create nearly 80 per cent of jobs.