John Antonakis, Professional of Organizational Behaviour, University of Lausanne.
People say “seeing is believing”, but that’s wrong. The truth is, “I will see it when I believe it”.
As an academic psychologist I have spent years, and run dozens of experiments, looking at unconscious or implicit bias and its consequences. I consider factors such as looks, ethnicity, age and gender, to see if they influence world-of-work decisions such as hiring, promotion, salary.
If a workplace is safe and healthy, everyone can get on with their work effectively and efficiently. However, if workplaces are disorganized and full of hazards, it can lead to process breakdowns, injuries and high rates of absence through sickness. This in turn can result in loss of earning and reduced productivity. Employee-manager relations, working conditions, production processes and the way that workplaces are managed also have a bearing on productivity and the success of enterprises.
Judith Van Doorn
and Enterprise Formalization
I have travelled to many parts of the world where I’ve seen different faces of informality. Whether they are street vendors, small shop owners or other informal sector workers, one of the things that they have in common is that they work long hours to make ends meet. They sometimes work under harsh conditions with limited social protection, competing for the same clients. Yet at the same time they contribute a vast amount to the economies of their home countries, especially in the developing world.